Heart disease refers to a whole list of medical conditions that affect the heart. Most cardiovascular diseases under the heart ailment umbrella are caused by blood vessel disorders; including coronary artery disease (caused by clogged artery); rheumatic fever; vasculitis; atherosclerosis (faulty capillaries on the walls of the arteries); atheromatous disease (irregular heartbeat) and congenital heart disease. If you have a family history of heart disease, it is more likely that you will also develop it. Heart failure refers to any cardiovascular condition that impedes or prevents your heart from pumping blood sufficiently to supply to your body. Heart valves are the part of the heart that creates the pumping action necessary to pump blood around your body.

Some types of heart failure may get worse due to external factors, making it impossible to determine the precise cause. You may get angina pectoris, the most common type, when there is a sudden decrease in the supply of oxygen to the brain cells. This condition can be sudden or gradual, depending on the duration of time since the stoppage of oxygen supply. Other signs of brain cells dying include seizures, temporary amnesia, partial paralysis of facial muscles and unconsciousness. When this happens, it is best to get an emergency doctor and call for emergency treatment right away.

A heart attack occurs when the coronary arteries supply blood to the heart muscles. This happens when the muscle wall gets inflamed and damaged due to high blood pressure. The inflammation causes arterial walls to collapse, and blood is stopped from flowing to the muscles of the heart. When the flow of blood to the heart muscles is stopped, the heart muscles cannot perform their normal work. In the worst case scenario, this leads to cardiac arrest and death.

Coronary artery disease is also known as coronary heart valve disease. It occurs when the heart valves narrow, becoming unable to keep up with the increased blood flow. When this happens, the blood vessels start to clot. At times, there are four valves in a heart, which can narrow down the blood flow. If the valve bursts, it causes a catastrophic event that kills the patient.

When it comes to treating different types of cardiovascular disease, different methods are used, depending on what the cause of the problem is. For example, medicines used to treat acute coronary heart valve disease may cause side effects and might not be effective in long-term treatment. On the other hand, new medications that are made to widen the blood vessels have been developed, so patients can now avoid any more heart valve problems. This makes getting treatment much faster and safer.

The different types of heart valve disease include myocardial infarction, congenital cardiomyopathy, endocarditis, portal hypertension and congenital cardiomyopathy. Meconomyopathy is a condition where the heart muscle cells of the body die. Endocarditis is a disease where the bacteria from the inner layers of the lungs gets into the blood vessels. Portal hypertension occurs when the blood flow is blocked by the large left or right blood vessel. Last but not least, congenital cardiomyopathy is a disease where the baby develops heart muscle diseases that will affect his or her later life.